Main Article Content
Biosafety and biosecurity encompass the intersection of bioengineering and biotechnology, along with the evaluation and control of risks to human, animal health, and the environment. This link encompasses the danger created by research and its use, as well as research and application to reduce risk via bioengineering and biotechnology. High-level biosafety laboratories provide a secure and reliable setting, integrating robust containment measures, well-educated staff, and precise biosafety protocols to safeguard scientists from infections while working with microbial pathogens. Simultaneously, they prevent the accidental release of these pathogens into the surrounding environment. In recent decades, there has been the construction and operation of labs with different tiers of protection, the establishment of legal regulations and a laboratory biosafety management system, and these functional labs have played a crucial role in addressing newly emerging and recurring infectious diseases. This review article offers useful insights into the complicated environment of biosafety and biosecurity at both the national and international levels. It advocates for more international cooperation among states, organizations, and stakeholders to ensure the effective implementation of biosafety and biosecurity measures, fostering a safer and more secure global biotechnology landscape.